Somaliland is a self-declared sovereign state that is recognised as an autonomous region of Somalia by the international community. Its government regards the territory as the successor state to the State of Somaliland, and seeks self-determination as the Republic of Somaliland.

The history of Somaliland, a region of the eastern horn of Africa bordered by the Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Aden, and the east African land mass, begins with human habitation tens of thousands of years ago. It includes the civilizations of Punt, the Ottomans, and colonial influences from Europe and the Middle East.

Capital: Hargeisa
Second language: Arabic, English
Population: 3.508 million (2017)
Currency: Shilling