Somaliland’s constitution stipulates a multi-party, pluralistic democratic system, with a presidential executive branch, a bicameral parliament and an independent judiciary. Since the approval of the constitution, Somaliland has held four successive peaceful, fair and free elections: one municipal, one parliamentary and three presidential elections. The absence of recognition creates a host of challenges which Somaliland faces, including:

  • Lack of access to direct bilateral and multilateral aid 
  • Lack of access to international credit facilities
  •  Limited access to commercial services of international financial institutions
  • Limitations on attracting direct international foreign investment 
  • In ability to participate in regional trade blocks and customs unions 
  • Travel restrictions on national passport